In this previous step, we used lookups to link our lists to each other. In this step, we explore two ways to use the URL property of list fields to create other links that might be useful to researchers using the data.

Create Links to Filtered Results

It can be handy to generate an active filtering link in a list (or any grid of data). For example, here we use a URL property to turn the values in the Department column into links to a filtered subset of the data. When you click one value, you get a grid showing only rows where that column has the same value.

  • If you navigated away from the Technicians list, reopen it.
  • When you click a value in the "Department" column, notice that you currently go to the contact details. Go back to the Technicians list.
  • Click the column header Department to open the menu, then select Filter....
  • Click the label Executive to select only that single value.
  • Click OK to see the subset of rows.
  • Notice the URL in your browser, which might look something like this - the full path and your list ID number may vary, but the filter you applied (Department = Executive) is encoded at the end.
  • Clear the filter using the in the filter bar, or by clicking the column header Department and then clicking Clear Filter.

Now we'll modify the design of the list to turn the values in the Department column into custom links that filter to just the rows for the value that we click.

  • Click Design.
  • Click the Fields section to expand it.
  • Scroll down and expand the Department field.
  • Copy and paste this value into the URL field:
    • This URL starts with "/" indicating it is local to this container.
    • The filter portion of this URL replaces "Executive" with the substitution string "${Department}", meaning the value of the Department column. (If we were to specify "Executive", clicking any Department link in the list would filter the list to only show the executives!)
    • The "listId" portion of the URL has been replaced with "name=Technicians." This allows the URL to work even if exported to another container where the listId might be different.
  • Scroll down and click Save.

Now notice that when you click a value in the "Department" column, you get the filtering behavior we just defined.

  • Click Documentation in any row and you will see the list filtered to display only rows for that value.

Learn more about ways to customize URLs in this topic: URL Field Property

Create Links to Outside Resources

A column value can also become a link to a resource outside the list, and even outside the server. All the values in a column could link to a fixed destination (such as to a protocol document or company web page) or you can make row-specific links to files where a portion of the link URL matches a value in the row such as the Badge Number in this example.

For this example, we've stored some images on our support site, so that you can try out syntax for using both a full URL to reference a non-local destination AND the use of a field value in the URL. In this case, images are stored as <badge number>.png; in actual use you might have locally stored slide images or other files of interest named by subjectId or another column in your data.

Open this link in a new browser window:

You can directly edit the URL, substituting the other badge IDs used in the Technicians list you loaded (701, 1802, etc) where you see 104 in the above.

Here is a generalized version, using substitution syntax for the URL property, for use in the list design.${Badge}.png&renderAs=IMAGE

  • Click the List Tutorial link near the top of the page, then click the Technicians list in the Lists web part.
  • Click Design.
  • Click the Fields section to expand it.
  • Expand the Badge field.
  • Into the URL property for this field, paste the generalized version of the link shown above.
  • Click Save.
  • Observe that clicking one of the Badge Number values will open the image with the same name.
    • If you edit your own row to set your badge number to "1234" you will have an image as well. Otherwise clicking a value for which there is no pre-loaded image will raise an error.


You've now completed the list tutorial. Learn more about lists and customizing the URL property in the related topics.

Related Topics

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